There's a growing industry and more tools for producing and distributing disinformation. Meanwhile, authorities are getting more aggressive and hostile toward journalists.
Polarization fueled by Fox News-like opinion media, disinformation and propaganda is battering democracies, Reporters Without Borders said.
The U.N. and other organizations urged the nation to immediately release the two Reuters journalists.
The Trump administration's broadsides against international cooperation embolden nations with poor human rights records and encourage attacks on journalists, experts said.
In the past year at least 80 journalists were killed, 348 were detained in prison and 60 were taken as hostages.
With demands growing for the U.N. chief to appoint an investigation into Jamal Khashoggi's murder, a review by Arete News found just eight previous instances of such an order.
Turkey's president said a treaty prevents the investigation of Jamal Khashoggi's murder inside the Saudi consulate from being 'concealed behind the armor of immunity.'
The U.N. chief faces calls to order an independent investigation into Jamal Khashoggi's murder.
Experts warned the Trump administration's vitriolic language and combative actions against journalists are purposely meant to undermine the mission of U.S.-based news organizations.
Reporters Without Borders said hatred for the press was "steadily more visible” in 2018 among 180 countries it monitors each year and political leaders' hostility towards news media is no longer limited to authoritarian countries.