The vote undermined Moscow's claim it still has support from a silent majority of the United Nations' 193 member nations.
A new report's evidence of threats and retaliation extends to 12 of the U.N. Human Rights Council's 47 member nations.
The U.N. health agency had rejected making an emergency declaration three times before, but said it now fears the deadly virus disease could spread to neighboring countries.
Opposition from the U.S., China and Russia forced the removal of measures for investigations and sexual and reproductive health care services for victims.
Sudan's defense minister announced Omar al-Bashir was arrested and declared a state of emergency for three months.
The U.S. State Department said ICC chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda can visit the U.S. only for "official U.N. purposes."
These are turbulent times for the International Criminal Court, created 17 years ago as a court of "last resort."
With demands growing for the U.N. chief to appoint an investigation into Jamal Khashoggi's murder, a review by Arete News found just eight previous instances of such an order.
U.S. President Donald Trump's belligerent national security adviser John Bolton harshly condemned the International Criminal Court, which is hated by conservatives.
The report found the highest concentration of modern slavery in North Korea — and bigger numbers than previously reported in Australia, Europe and the United States.
The Hague-based institution, an independent tribunal that's not part of the United Nations system, is meant to step in only when nations won't or can't dispense justice themselves.