More than 12,250 people have been killed – including 101 U.N. staff helping Palestinian refugees and at least 4,300 children – and 32,300 others injured in the Gaza war, officials said.
While Israel pounded Gaza with increasingly intensifying airstrikes in response to Hamas' surprise attacks, the U.N. chief emphasized the rules of war must be obeyed.
Despite some aid trickling into Gaza through Egypt's Rafah crossing, needs are soaring as tensions flare that could cause the Israel-Hamas war to spread to other countries.
'Extremely high water stress' afflicts 83% of the population in the Middle East and North Africa and 74% in South Asia.
The border crossing is essential for more than 4 million uprooted people in Syria who depend on humanitarian aid.
Some 52% of all refugees and others who needed international protection came from Afghanistan, Syria and Ukraine.
Syrian President Bashar Assad, formerly ostracized by most Arab nations, was warmly readmitted to the Arab League.
"The tragic reality is that an effective response was hampered in part by challenges that relate directly to the unresolved issues at the heart of the conflict," the U.N. special envoy to Syria, Geir Pedersen, told the U.N. Security Council.
The proposed global pact is named the Christchurch Call after the New Zealand city where 51 people were killed in March.
A new review of U.N. whistleblowing policies and practices by the U.N.'s Joint Inspection Unit showed little improvement from retaliation cases reported more than a decade earlier.
Russia and Turkey plan to allow a 'war on terror' to continue against fighters living near civilians in the Idlib region.
New ethnic clashes in the south of the country and violence along a border region displaced more than 1 million people.