The 46-nation council reaffirmed support for Ukraine and initiated a register to account for damages by former member Russia so human rights victims can be compensated.
The condemnation came from Australia, Canada, Iceland, Japan and New Zealand, along with 17 European nations.
Scientists say the Arctic region is warming about twice as fast as the rest of the planet, but the Trump administration blocked a council statement from referring to that threat.
The European Union and eight other nations condemned Saudi Arabia, demanding that it cooperate with a U.N.-led investigation into Jamal Khashoggi's brazen murder.
Japan will leave the International Whaling Commission, which will drop to 88 members, and resume whaling in April.
A routine examination by the U.N. Human Rights Council looked at Chinese crackdowns on Uyghurs and Tibetans.
The murder of Jamal Khashoggi overshadowed the U.N. examination of Saudi Arabia's troubled human rights record, with nations calling for a proper investigation into his killing.
Concerns about climate change's rapid rate of advance in the far north drove three years of talks on commercial fishing.
Bachelet got involved in politics after becoming a Chilean human rights activist in the early 1970s, owing to her family becoming political prisoners and the death of her father, an air force general, after months of torture while in prison.
Iceland won overwhelming approval to join the U.N. Human Rights Council, filling a vacancy left by the United States.
The need for more science focused on the Southern Ocean was among the themes of the Polar 2018 conference about the Arctic, Antarctic and high altitude regions.
The centerpiece of the European Union's new rules, and what makes them relevant for international organizations, is the policy of accountability, experts say. Data handlers must be able to demonstrate compliance and delete data if asked.