The bid required approval by all NATO members, including Turkey and Hungary which each won concessions.
But the world's five biggest science and technology clusters are now in East Asia; Japan's is the largest and China has the most.
Ukraine failed to win a definitive timeline for joining the military alliance while Sweden's path to entry accelerated with plans to deepen counterterrorism cooperation with Turkey.
Syrian President Bashar Assad, formerly ostracized by most Arab nations, was warmly readmitted to the Arab League.
Virtually all the world's nations are negotiating proposals under the legally binding Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions to limit toxic chemicals, pollutants and wastes.
The addition more than doubles the length of the 1,215 kilometers of borders that NATO member nations share with Russia. Finland and Russia share a 1,340-kilometer border.
The U.N. emergency relief coordinator's office set a US$4.3 billion target to help people suffering in the war-torn nation.