Government plans would blow past limits needed to limit warming to 1.5° Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
The Global Preparedness Monitoring Board urged more trust-building to boost monitoring, accountability and financing.
The vote undermined Moscow's claim it still has support from a silent majority of the United Nations' 193 member nations.
A new report's evidence of threats and retaliation extends to 12 of the U.N. Human Rights Council's 47 member nations.
But the world's five biggest science and technology clusters are now in East Asia; Japan's is the largest and China has the most.
A warning that sovereignty and national borders are being invoked to prevent human rights issues from being addressed.
Finance leaders from the world's 20 biggest economies projected moderate global growth and recovery later this year and into 2020, but warned of risks from a prolonged trade war.
The proposed global pact is named the Christchurch Call after the New Zealand city where 51 people were killed in March.